In the last entry, I quoted Valentin Tomberg as to the following:
“The French Revolution was but a stepping stone – a stepping stone that demonstrated with alarming clarity the great trend of revolutions which began with humanism in the Fourteenth Century, then resulted via the Reformation in the Enlightenment of the Eighteenth Century, which in turn, took “fleshly” form in the revolution of 1789.
From there it advanced via 1830 and 1848 to the international community of 1871 [when the Third French Republic arose, among other things – RB] – and to the Russian revolutions in 1905, February 1917 and October 1917.”
Today I want to continue the quote from that which follows:
“The beginning of the revolutionary development is harmless humanism, the swooning over laical [i.e. from the French laicité and meaning roughly secular – RB] culture; and it ends with Black and Red Bolshevism – as the final result of the destruction of the great temple of piety, in which and from which the soul of the occident draws its life-force.
The joy of thinking and researching without God in laical humanism led to the first push in the direction towards further “emancipations”, i.e. the severing of the bonds of reverence: reverence for the Church´s tradition, including her saints and sages; reverence for the tradition of chivalry, including its reverence for women and the sancity of word and honour, finally reverence for the human being itself, with its right to life, liberty and property.
One started thinking without God and one ended up with life without God, the push to liberate oneself from one bond (research liberated from religion) led ultimately to the liberation from all bonds.
Thus was created a human without reverence, the psychological Bolshevik … [Tomberg’s emphasis in bold, mine in italics]”
Now Tomberg appears very concerned indeed by the human being without reverence, without piety …
In the hermetic writings, he is – among other things – calling us back to this reverence. He is honouring Catholic Tradition, the Sacraments, the Rosary and so much more that was lost or destroyed in the wake of the Reformation. He is calling us back to the life-source of the West before the revolutions …
But in itself, this calling back to Catholic piety is not so very controversial.
What is controversial is much that can be found in Tomberg’s legal-political works. At least, they are very controversial to the modern mind.
Yet it is perhaps in his legal-political writings most of all, that one can feel the urgency Tomberg felt in not letting the world be drowned in a de-Christianised materialism.
In these works, Tomberg praises political figures of the Nineteenth Century, who were willing to go so far as to use military force to preserve Christianity. These are figures that we moderns tend to write-off as nothing but arch-conservative reactionaries or power-crazed fools.
Valentin Tomberg clearly felt differently.
One such figure was Prince Clemens Metternich of Austria, who pioneered the Holy Alliance after Napoleon had destroyed Europe.
Now Tomberg writes to clarify the aim of “Metternich, who was villified so much [but] who recognised the true scope of the danger which it was the duty of the alliance to prevent …
The [Holy] Alliance owed … to Metternich the knowledge of its necessity: to save European Christianity from the danger of being swept under a wave of irreverence.”
The italics dear Reader are my own. May I confess here that I was bowled over by what Tomberg was endorsing in this passage: Both the necessity and also the duty of a (military) Holy Alliance to preserve us from further degeneration …
And he clearly regrets the final failure of the Holy Alliance (after the revolutions in 1848, which again, in his view led to further degeneration).
For Tomberg, the Holy Alliance was a failed step in the right direction …
The same theme will continue in the Hermetic works with an admittedly brief defense of the Crusades, as well as a lengthier advocacy of at least the essential structures of Christendom. (A further hint of what I mean by the latter can be found here).
But we are racing ahead of ourselves somewhat. In these opening parts of this long series, I do not wish to go into depth about Tomberg’s proposed solutions to world degeneration, whether these be hermetic, political or even most shockingly military (e.g. Tomberg supports the Alliance sending troops into Spain to crush revolution and restore the monarchy).
This is not my aim for the moment. My point is really to do with how very seriously Tomberg took world degeneration.
For dear Reader, it would seem that the wave that Valentin Tomberg was so very concerned with, it would seem that this wave has now become TIDAL, engulfing us all …
We will keep looking then at the theme of degeneration and the urgency Valentin Tomberg felt concerning it.
Prince Clemens Metternich
However for now, I will just say a little more of Metternich. Who was he?
Well, as Gary Potter tells us:
“Prince Clemens Metternich (1773-1859) was very much a man of power [my emphasis again], and his Christian conscience could not have been better formed. Chancellor of the Austrian Empire for most of the first half of the nineteenth century, together with Napoleon and the Prussian Otto von Bismarck, he was one of the three statesmen who most dominated European political life during those hundred years.
Unfortunately, the other two were bent on destroying all that remained of Catholic influence on that life. Metternich alone was dedicated to preserving it. Thus did his name become synonymous with anti-liberalism.
No theologian, he looked to the long history, the tradition, of Christian government that existed before the Revolution as the source of political and social wisdom. As he would write in a dispatch (in French, the only language in which he wrote) to an Austrian ambassador to the Holy See:
“I am, Mr. Ambassador, a man of the Church, a strict Catholic, and it is because of that I feel myself to be at the same time a statesman who is practical. The truth is one and the Church is its premier repository. Between religious and social truths, there is scarcely a difference, because society cannot live except according to the Faith and religious morality.”
And who, dear Reader, is Gary Potter?
Well among other things, he is the author of a piece, which has just been published at this site. The piece is here and is called The Great Nineteenth.
Potter means the century of Catholic resistance to the revolutions of the epoch. And his fascinating piece can give anyone who is interested in Tomberg’s project, some very valuable background.
This is to say, it can tell us not only about “Prince Clemens Metternich (1773-1859) … man of power” but much else besides that Tomberg was drawing from.
However as I emphasise in my foreword to that piece, our publishing it here does not mean endorsement of everything that Potter says. However we do feel that this article can do much to open the modern reader to things that Valentin Tomberg was deeply concerned about – even if ultimately Tomberg came to solutions, which while they parallel Potter on many significant points, also differ from them.
I will also refer the interested reader to Charles A. Coulombe’s Puritan’s Empire, which also goes into the Holy Alliance. There are indeed very striking parallels between Valentin Tomberg’s politics and Coulombe’s. Differences exist yes, but I have been deeply sobered and struck by the parallels.
To be Continued …
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