Tridentine Catholic Timeline

 

Tridentine-Catholic

Tridentine Catholic church in Bavaria. Photo courtesy Aiwok GNU Free documentation License 1.2

 

To help orient readers to this Tridentine Archive, I thought I would give a small timeline of events relevant to understanding what may be called the epoch of the Tridentine Church.

Properly speaking, this epoch would be usually regarded as that spanning the period from 1549 the beginning of the Council of Trent (from which the word Tridentine) to Vatican II, whose aftermath was to bury so many features of the previous epoch, including, though certainly not limited to, the Tridentine Mass.

However, my timeline extends a little bit beyond the period 1549 – 1962, giving other dates which seem important to recognise. It is also intended to be simple and hardly comprehensive – just providing a few marker points to help those who are new to such things acquaint themselves.

1517: Martin Luther begins the Protestant Revolution.

1531: Apparition of Our Lady to Juan Diego at Guadalupe. It has often been remarked that at the very moment Catholicism was being suppressed and destroyed across Europe (e.g. as with Henry VIII), this miraculous Apparition served to bring the Faith firmly to the New World.

1534: The Society of Jesus is initiated by Saint Ignatius Loyola on Montmartre in Paris in response to the Protestant Revolution.

1549: The Council of Trent is convened, forming the Catholic Reformation.

1670s: Beginnings in Paray-le-Monial, France, of the pre-eminent Tridentine Cultus – the Devotion to the Sacred Heart. Saint Margaret Mary has visions of the Sacred Heart calling for the public devotion.

Eighteenth Century: Rise of de-Christianised, rationalist, Enlightenment philosophyexemplified by Locke, Hume, Voltaire, Kant.

1776: American Revolution.

1789 – 1815: The French Revolution and ensuing Napoleonic wars devastate Europe. In the words of Christopher Dawson: “In sheer material destruction of monasteries and churches, in confiscation of property and abrogation of privileges, the Age of the Revolution far surpassed that of the Reformation; it was in fact a second Reformation, but a frankly anti-religious one.”

In France, the Sacred Heart is taken up as the Counter-Revolutionary emblem par excellence in this period.

1815: Following Napoleon’s defeat, the period of Restoration commences – a period of both Restoration of traditional European structures and a very significant Catholic revival.

1819: Publication of Du Pape by Joseph De Maistre  – leading philosopher of the Catholic Counter-Enlightenment. De Maistre calls for a Christendom oriented above all to the Pope, giving impetus to Ultramontanism.

1829: Catholic Emancipation completed in the British Isles, which permits Catholicism to flourish freely again in Ireland. Once liberated from Protestant suppression, Ireland’s Catholicism will flow powerfully and markedly into the Anglophone New World in North America and Australia.

1830: Apparitions of Our Lady commence in the Rue du Bac, Paris. From here will come both the Miraculous Medal and incredible impetus for the Catholic Revival.

1846: Apparition of Our Lady of La Salette.

1858Apparitions of Our Lady of Lourdes: “I am the Immaculate Conception”.

1869-1870: Council of Vatican I. Triumph of the “De Maistrean” Ultramontanist stream: the Dogma of Papal Infallibility is declared  (albeit in a far more restricted domain than is commonly believed).

1899: Pope Leo XIII consecrates the entire human family to the Sacred Heart, declaring it to be “the greatest act of my pontificate”. (A very long, significant and powerful pontificate).

1914: Outbreak of the supposed “War to end all War”. In the horrific ensuing carnage on a scale previously unimaginable, the nineteenth century dream of scientific, rationalist, materialistic progress, particularly prevalent in the Protestant countries, gives way to despair.

1917: Apparitions of Our Lady of Fatima and the Miracle of the Sun. This can be seen as the most dramatic of all challenges by Our Lady to Modernity. Our Lady calls for Papal and collegial consecration of Russia to Her Immaculate Heart.

1917: Communist Revolution in Russia, followed by further genocide of monumental proportion.

1939-1945: Second World War.

1962-1965: Vatican II. The Council and particularly its aftermath will do so very much to extinguish or drive underground so many of the features of the Tridentine Church.

1981: Assassination attempt on Ven. John Paul II, often associated with the KGB. Ven. John Paul II credits Our Lady of Fatima with sparing his life.

1982-1984: In the aftermath of the assassination attempt, Ven. John Paul II turns his attention to Fatima more acutely and endeavours to carry out the Papal and collegial consecration called for in 1917.

2007: Benedict XVI issues the Motu Proprio Summorum Pontificum to liberate the Tridentine Latin Mass.

From Amazon USA:

Here at this webproject, we find a particular inspiration in the post-Revolution Nineteenth Century Tridentine Catholicism, which tried to chart such a different course to the materialistic direction Western civilisation was taking …  We have found all the books (and film) below deeply helpful to us in understanding the Catholic vision of the Nineteenth Century. Most others have reviews here at our site. You can also find most of these items in the various sections of our Amazon UK store here. (The beautiful French film of Bernadette is sadly US only).

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